Bacterial Disease # 1. Serious kinds of infections will require medical attention and help in strengthening the immune system. Using a specific antibiotic will increase the chances that the infection is cured and help to prevent antibiotic resistance. Viral infections, like influenza, are caused by viruses, and can be somewhat difficult to treat. Necrotizing fasciitis is a serious infection most often caused by Streptococcus pyogenes bacteria.S. Staphylococcal infections (often shortened to Staph) mainly affect the skin. 2009.American Academy of Pediatrics. Other examples of bacterial lung diseases include Legionnaire's disease, inhalation anthrax and whooping cough, also known as pertussis 4. Yeast, bacteria, STDs, even hygiene products can all cause an infection or inflammation in the vagina. There are various types of bacterial infections that can affect your cat and its major organs. Serious infections can be treated with antibiotics, which work by disrupting the bacterium’s metabolic processes, although antibiotic-resistant strains are starting to emerge. If you have problems viewing PDF files, download the latest version of Adobe Reader. Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD) - PO Box 8126, Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126 - Toll-free: 1-888-205-2311 For language access assistance, contact the NCATS Public Information Officer. Effective treatment depends on the right diagnosis. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) include infections of the urethra, bladder, and kidneys, and are common causes of urethritis, cystitis, pyelonephritis, and glomerulonephritis. 1. Definition of CRE . Cholera 4. Some oral infections are more serious than others. Bacterial infections except chlamydiae: Specimen consists of exudate, collected by a sterile platinum loop … There are various types of bacteria that affect each and every part of the body and this is a common health issue which we face throughout our lives. ISBN 978-0-87553-189-2; Red Book: 2009 Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases. Tetanus 7. The bacteria can cause blood infections, pneumonia, ... HIV virus damages T cells that are vital in helping the body fight off diseases, leaving those infected at risk of many types of infections. Dental caries, also known as tooth decay or cavity, is a bacterial infection that causes demineralization and destruction of the hard tissues (enamel, dentin, and cementum). Syphilis 10. Two common types are Staphylococcus epidermis and Staphylococcus aureus. Like any part of your body, you can get infections and illnesses that can affect your teeth, gums, and tongue. This page does not cover conditions such as ringworm or athlete’s foot (fungal), cold sores (viral) or scabies (parasitic), although these conditions can allow bacterial infections to take hold, too. Bacterial disease, any of a variety of illnesses caused by bacteria. Lab tests may help clarify whether an illness is due to a virus, bacteria, or other infectious agent or disease process. They usually cause mild infections, … B., ed. A bacteria infection is one of the most common types of infection. Virus types Cystitis. Learn more about types of bacterial disease and the mechanism by which bacteria cause illness. Some of the more common conditions caused by a bacterial infection include bacterial vaginosis , kidney infections, and gastroenteritis. Not all bacteria will cause an infection, though. Pertussis 6. Bacterial skin infections often begin as small, red bumps that slowly increase in size. Dental Caries or Cavities Leptospirosis – This type of bacterial infection is common because it is highly contagious. 17th ed. But arming yourself with the knowledge of these common mouth infections, their causes, and typical signs can help you prevent them. 2 Various tests are carried out in a laboratory to establish or confirm the diagnosis of a bacterial skin infection.Although a thorough history and examination of the patient are vital, laboratory tests can help the clinician to reach a diagnosis. Bacterial Disease: Type # 6. Why do we need laboratory testing for bacterial infections?. A bacterial infection is best treated with a prescription antibiotic that is specific for the type of bacteria causing the infection. Fungal Sinus Infections/Fungal Rhinosinusitis. The lungs are particularly vulnerable to bacterial infections. Some bacteria cause disease in man, requiring treatment with an … A fungal infection causes athlete's foot. The symptoms of a bacterial infection will depend on the location of the infection and the type of bacteria. Both types of infections are caused by microbes -- bacteria and viruses, respectively -- and spread by things such as: Coughing and sneezing. The symptoms of viral and bacterial illnesses are sometimes similar. Control of Communicable Diseases Manual. One of the bacteria of concern today is Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) a bacterium associated with Klebsiella species and Escherichia coli (E. coli). ADVERTISEMENTS: List of ten important bacterial diseases: 1. Age also determines the propensity of bacterial infection in cats. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) / CC BY 2.0. High or low temperatures, shivering, chills, fast breathing, and rapid heartbeats are early signs of sepsis. Antibiotics only work against bacterial infections. Pneumococcal pneumonia is a common example, although other types of bacteria and viruses can also cause pneumonia. Plague 8. The following are four different types of skin infections: 1. Fungal infections are caused by fungi, and these usually develop on a person's skin. Infectious types of bacteria can sometimes invade the body and cause a variety of medical conditions, which may need to be treated with prescription medications such as antibiotics. Keratitis: Causes: Mostly herpes virus and foreign body with secondary infection due to bacteria or fungi. Types of bacteria that cause infection are explained below: Staphylococcus. A Leptospirosis bacterial infection occurs when a dog drinks stagnant water contaminated by urine or fecal matter. Infections caused by parasites and a few types of infections caused by bacteria may also need treatment with medicines. While young felines have a better immunity against major bacterial infections, the youngest ones are more prone to infections because of the lack of major antibodies. Bacteria are capable of reproducing on their own. There are different types of bacteria (good & bad), but in this article, we will explore a list of scary diseases caused by harmful bacteria. Find out more about antibiotics, and about multidrug-resistant ‘superbugs’, which are very difficult to treat. Laboratory diagnosis: 1. Diphtheria 3. Scalp infections occur when bacteria or fungus enter damaged skin or hair follicles on the scalp. Improved sanitation, vaccines, and antibiotics significantly decreased mortality rates. What are the symptoms of a bacterial infection? Chin J. While this is most commonly caused by bacterial infections, sepsis can also be the result of fungal or viral infections. The signs and symptoms differ according to the kinds of infection, but usually a patient will have chills or a fever. These types of bacterial skin infections are not discussed in this article. Registered office: Antibiotic Research UK Genesis 5 York Science Park Heslington Bacterial and viral infections have many things in common. Both types of bacteria are capable of causing different infections to humans. History of Bacterial Diseases: There were many pieces of evidence in books and sculptures of these bacterial diseases from ancient Egyptian and ancient Chinese times (3000 BCE) for hundreds of years. Other types of bacterial infections include urinary tract infections (including bladder and kidney infections) and dental abscesses , as well as infections caused by MRSA , Group B Streptococcus , and C. Difficile . Osteomyelitis. Also, children with a severely weakened immune system are at … Pulmonary Tuberculosis 2. Bacteria may also enter your body through your airway and cause infections like bacterial pneumonia. There are some general signs of bacterial infection: fever When the number and type of bacteria increase to a point that the body is no longer able to control the invasion, then symptoms of infection can be noted. Different Types. Examples of bacterial infections include whooping cough, strep throat, ear infection and urinary tract infection (UTI). Leprosy 5. Generally bacteria are of two types namely gram positive and gram negative. APHA [American Public Health Association] Press; 2000. Many types of bacteria can cause bone and joint infections, including Staphylococcus aureus, also called staph, Enterobacter, and Streptococcus. Salmonellosis. 28th ed. The type of bacteria causing an infection will usually influence the type of treatment given. Bacterial skin infections. Infection is a successful invasion of pathogenic micro-organisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi and algae. Bacteria are the most common causes of UTIs, especially in the urethra and bladder. There are a great many types of bacterial infection that can affect the skin, most of which can be easily treated with antibiotics. ISBN 978-1-58110-306-9 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Treatment of such types of infections depend upon the type of causative agent. About Bacterial Infection. These bacterial diseases examples are commonly spread only when person comes in contact with this bacterium that stays in human body. In general, bacterial infections are treated with antibiotics as a course. Bacteria are group of micro-organisms that are a single cell approximately 1 micron in transverse diameter. The major symptoms associated with this disease are spleen, enlarged liver, rose coloured chest spots, constipation, diarrhea, headache and high fever. Bacterial diseases were once leading causes of death. pyogenes are cocci shaped bacteria that typically colonize the skin and throat areas of the body. Gonorrhoea 9. 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