[17] This cannonade was continued on three successive nights, and while the British were focused on this, the Americans made preparations to implement a plan devised by Rufus Putnam to break the long siege. It took him 3 months to transport 60 tons of cannons, mortars and Dorchester Heights National Historic Site, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fortification_of_Dorchester_Heights&oldid=952263955, Battles of the American Revolutionary War in Massachusetts, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, British forces evacuate Boston on March 17, This page was last edited on 21 April 2020, at 10:41. [13] By the end of February, Knox had arrived with the cannon from Ticonderoga, as had additional supplies of powder and shells. It's Independence Day for the U.S. July 4, 1776; First Lady Pours Scorn Upon a King July 21, 1776 [3], After George Washington took command of the army outside Boston in July 1775, the idea of bringing the cannons from Ticonderoga to the siege was raised by Colonel Henry Knox. The Siege of Boston occurred after the Battles of Lexington and Concord and lasted from April 19, 1775 to March 17, 1776. Get your Favorite Flag on a coffee mug. Read what happened on other days in American history at our On This Day in History section here. 1776: A British Council of War decides to evacuate from Boston. that city in the fall. New York City, New York: Simon & Schuster, 2005. The British, after threatening to burn the city if their departure was hindered, evacuated the city on March 17… Custom Orders welcome. [26] Washington's judgment of Howe's options was accurate; they were exactly the options Howe considered. The only way in or out was by sea. George Washington wanted to capture Dorchester Heights, [18][19][20], General John Thomas and about 2,500 troops quietly marched to the top of Dorchester Heights, hauling tools, the prefabricated fortifications and cannon placements. The entire British expedition suffered significant casualties during a running battle back to Charlestownagainst an ever-growing number of mil… While Howe planned an attack to reclaim the high ground, a snowstorm prevented its execution. vulnerable position. 1776 July 2 The Second Continental Congress voted to approve a resolution of independence from Great Britain. [5][6] Historian Victor Brooks has called Knox's successful effort "one of the most stupendous feats of logistics" of the entire war. Fortification Of Dorchester Heights. What were the nation's first two capitals? 71. Ask your question. though because his army was very inexperienced. General Howe began making plans for an immediate attack because of Boston - Boston - Boston after 1776: Independence gravely imperiled Boston’s maritime trade, for, at the close of the Revolution, Boston merchants automatically became foreigners in the ports of the British Empire. [2] Arnold, in conjunction with Ethan Allen, his Green Mountain Boys, and militia forces from Connecticut and western Massachusetts, captured the fort and all of its armaments on May 10. The Siege of Boston was part opening stages of the American Revolutionary War. [29] By the time the storm subsided, Howe reconsidered launching an attack, reasoning that preserving the army for battle elsewhere was of higher value than attempting to hold Boston. Taking the heights would give the Americans the He first created a diversion by placing a few of the cannons in [1] Benedict Arnold, a captain in the Connecticut militia, arrived with his troops to support the siege. Finally, on March 4, 1776, Washington seized Dorchester Heights and trained his cannon—newly arrived from Fort Ticonderoga—on the city and harbour. General William Howe, commander of the British forces occupying Boston, planned an attack to dislodge them. [27] Washington, notified of British movements, increased the forces on the heights until there were nearly 6,000 men on the Dorchester lines. but was reluctant. He informed the Massachusetts Committee of Safety that cannons and other valuable military stores were stored at the lightly defended Fort Ticonderoga in New York, and proposed its capture. [17] The outside of the works also included rock-filled barrels that could be rolled down the hill at attacking troops.[22][18][19][20]. What happened in Boston on March 4, 1776? 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